The wrinkle in the inter-eyebrow zone, better known as the frown line, is treated in aesthetic medicine by injections of botulinum toxin or ‘botox’, and less often by injections of hyaluronic acid.
Different degrees of wrinkle severity are shown on scales.
Standardised scale for static glabellar wrinkles :
Standardised scale for glabellar wrinkles when frowning :
Dynamic study of the muscles of glabella
1. Glabellar contractions, type Omega
2. Glabellar contractions, type Omega inverted
3. Glabellar contractions, type V
4. Glabellar contractions, type Convergence Arrows
5. Glabellar contractions, type U
Erasing frown lines with Botox injections
The corrugator muscle is responsible for the appearance of these wrinkles. When the muscle contracts, the skin follows, leading to dynamic or ‘movement’ wrinkles. Static or ‘at rest’ wrinkles are due to the gradual breaking down of the skin’s elasticity as it follows the muscle.
Injections of botulinum toxin allow us to reduce the corrugator muscle’s hyperactivity.
Botox is the suitable solution as soon as frown lines (whether static or dynamic) start to be a problem for the individual.
Side effects,follow up and results of botox for frown lines
There are no side effects.
The practitioner must have mastered the technique. The corrugator muscle must be injected internally at a minimum of 10mm above the orbital edge, or else the botox might spread to the upper eyelid lifting muscle, and a drooping eyelid.
The result is not immediate, but will become progressively noticeable in the week following the injection. Depending on what you have agreed with your doctor, the muscle will be either partially or totally blocked.
Filling frown lines using hyaluronic acid injections
Hyaluronic acid will not block muscular contraction but can fill the resulting hollow. The major drawback is the risk of necrosis.
Aesthetic treatment of the lion’s wrinkle : before and after photos
For more images go to : www.dr-romano-esthetique.com/en/results-before-after/frown-line-botox/
This page is purely informative, in accordance with the guidelines of the Ordre of Doctors.It is not a publicity for treatments .