Before the laser treatment, you must do a fungal test at a specialised laboratory to confirm any diagnosis ( 50% of nail diseases are not due to fungal infection ).
A podiatrist must prepare the nail, reducing its thickness to 1mm to allow the laser energy to reach the tissue under the nail.
The laser beam, passing over the nail, causes the fungus temperature to rise, destroying the fungus without damaging surrounding healthy tissue. The nail will grow back normally.
This treatment is painless, but the patient might feel a faint sensation of heat. All the nails are treated, as well the surrounding skin and in-between the toes. This will get rid of any lurking ‘sub-clinical’ infection ( an infection which has not yet developed any clinically recognised signs ) which could cause reinfection.
1-3 sessions are required, with 1 or 2 weeks in between each session.
After the treatment, you must follow certain steps to avoid reinfection:
Apply an anti-fungal treatment twice a day for two weeks to the skin and the sides of the feet; after two weeks, you must apply the cream once a day for a further two months.
In the evening, spray the inside of your shoes with an anti-fungal spray.
Avoid walking barefoot in public spaces ( e.g. swimming pools, sports halls and in the sauna ).
Disinfect your nail care kit ( scissors, clippers etc ).
Change your shoes regularly.
Cut out factors which encourage fungal infection ( heat and moisture, heavy sweating, constant wear of closed-toe shoes, smoking, biting nails ).
There is no down time, and it is possible to wear shoes straight away. Skin around the treated area will be red and slightly puffy for 24 hours.