Cellulite, or superficial lipodystrophy, is a growth in the number or volume of adipocytes (fat cells).
There are three key factors leading to its appearance: fibrose, water retention and fat accumulation. Cellulite can be mainly or exclusively fibrous, oedematous or adipose.
In women, adypocite lobes are arranged in parallel, and polygonally in men, which explains the absence of cellulite amongst men.
The factors behind cellulite are :
– Genetic : as in all medicine, there is a genetic base.
– Hormonal : the role of œstrogen and the oestrogen/progestin balance.
– Sedentary lifestyles.
– A high calorie diet rich in fat, salt, and quick release sugars.